The Great Play "Les Avaries" of Eugene Brieux

Novelized with the approval of the author

by Upton Sinclair




+++Page 4 is a virtually unreadable letter in handwritten script from M.



My endeavor has been to tell a simple story, preserving as closely as

possible the spirit and feeling of the original. I have tried, as it

were, to take the play to pieces, and build a novel out of the same

material. I have not felt at liberty to embellish M. Brieux's ideas, and

I have used his dialogue word for word wherever possible. Unless I have

mis-read the author, his sole purpose in writing LES AVARIES was to

place a number of most important facts before the minds of the public,

and to drive them home by means of intense emotion. If I have been able

to assist him, this bit of literary carpentering will be worth while. I

have to thank M. Brieux for his kind permission to make the attempt, and

for the cordial spirit which he has manifested.

Upton Sinclair


DAMAGED GOODS was first presented in America at a Friday matinee on

March 14th, 1913, in the Fulton Theater, New York, before members of

the Sociological Fund. Immediately it was acclaimed by public press and

pulpit as the greatest contribution ever made by the Stage to the cause

of humanity. Mr. Richard Bennett, the producer, who had the courage to

present the play, with the aid of his co-workers, in the face of most

savage criticism from the ignorant, was overwhelmed with requests for a

repetition of the performance.

Before deciding whether of not to present DAMAGED GOODS before the

general public, it was arranged that the highest officials in the United

States should pass judgment upon the manner in which the play teaches

its vital lesson. A special guest performance for members of the

Cabinet, members of both houses of Congress, members of the United

States Supreme Court, representatives of the Diplomatic corps and others

prominent in national life was given in Washington, D.C.

Although the performance was given on a Sunday afternoon (April 6,

1913), the National Theater was crowded to the very doors with the most

distinguished audience ever assembled in America, including exclusively

the foremost men and women of the Capital. The most noted clergymen of

Washington were among the spectators.

The result of this remarkableperformance was a tremendous endorsement

of the play and of the manner in which Mr. Bennett and his co-workers

were presenting it.

This reception resulted in the continuance of the New York performances

until mid-summer and is responsible for the decision on the part of Mr.

Bennett to offer the play in every city in America where citizens feel

that the ultimatewelfare of the community is dependent upon a higher

standard of morality and clearer understanding of the laws of health.

The WASHINGTON POST, commenting on the Washington performance, said:

The play was presented with all the impressiveness of a sermon; with all

the vigor and dynamic force of a great drama; with all the earnestness

and power of a vital truth.

In many respects the presentation of this dramatization of a great

social evil assumed the aspects of a religious service. Dr. Donald C.

Macleod, pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, mounted the rostrum

usually occupied by the leader of the orchestra, and announced that the

nature of the performance, the sacredness of the play, and the character

of the audience gave to the play the significance of a tremendous sermon

in behalf of mankind, and that as such it was eminently fitting that

a divineblessing be invoked. Dr. Earle Wilfley, pastor of the Vermont

Avenue Christian Church, asked all persons in the audience to bow

their heads in a prayer for the proper reception of the message to be

presented from the stage. Dr. MacLeod then read the Bernard Shaw preface

to the play, and asked that there be no applause during the performance,

a suggestion which was rigidly followed, thus adding greatly to the

effectiveness and the seriousness of the dramatic portrayal.

The impression made upon the audience by the remarkable play is

reflected in such comments as the following expressions voiced after the



from my pulpit a sermon one tenth as powerful, as convincing, as

far-reaching, and as helpful as this performance of DAMAGED GOODS must

be, I would consider that I had achieved the triumph of my life.

COMMISSIONER CUNO H. RUDOLPH--I was deeply impressed by what I saw, and

I think that the drama should be repeated in every city, a matinee one

day for father and son and the next day for mother and daughter.

REV. EARLE WILFLEY--I am confirmed in the opinion that we must take up

our cudgels in a crusade against the modern problems brought to the

fore by DAMAGED GOODS. The report that these diseases are increasing is

enough to make us get busy on a campaign against them.

SURGEON GENERAL BLUE--It was a most striking and telling lesson. For

years we have been fighting these condition in the navy. It is high time

that civilians awakened to the dangers surrounding them and crusaded

against them in a proper manner.

MRS. ARCHIBALD HOPKINS--The play was a powerful presentation of a very

important question and was handled in a most admirable manner. The

drama is a fine entering wedge for this crusade and is bound to do

considerable good in conveying information of a very serious nature.

MINISTER PEZET, OF PERU--There can be no doubt but that the performance

will have great uplifting power, and accomplish the good for which it

was created. Fortunately, we do not have the prudery in South America

that you of the north possess, and have open minds to consider these

serious questions.


have considerable effect in educating the people of the nature of the

danger that surrounds them.

SENATOR KERN, OF INDIANA--There can be no denial of the fact that it is

time to look at the serious problems presented in the play with an open


Brieux has been hailed by Bernard Shaw as "incomparably the greatest

writer France has produced since Moliere," and perhaps no writer ever

wielded his pen more earnestly in the service of the race. To quote from

an article by Edwin E. Slosson in the INDEPENDENT:

Brieux is not one who believes that social evils are to be cured by laws

and yet more laws. He believes that most of the trouble is caused

by ignorance and urges education, public enlightenment and franker

recognition of existing conditions. All this may be needed, but still we

may well doubt its effectiveness as a remedy. The drunken Helot argument

is not a strong one, and those who lead a vicious life know more about

its risks than any teacher or preacher could tell them. Brieux also

urges the requirement of health certificates for marriage, such as many

clergymen now insist upon and which doubtless will be made compulsory

before long in many of our States.

Brieux paints in black colors yet is no fanatic; in fact, he will

be criticised by many as being too tolerant of human weakness. The

conditions of society and the moral standards of France are so different

from those of America that his point of view and his proposals for

reform will not meet with general acceptance, but it is encouraging to

find a dramatist who realizes the importance of being earnest and who

uses his art in defense of virtue instead of its destruction.

Other comments follow, showing the great interest manifested in the play

and the belief in the highest seriousness of its purpose:

There is no uncleanness in facts. The uncleanness is in the glamour, in

the secret imagination. It is in hints, half-truths, and suggestions the

threat to life lies.

This play puts the horrible truth in so living a way, with such clean,

artistic force, that the mind is impressed as it could possibly be

impressed in no other manner.

Best of all, it is the physician who dominates the action. There is no

sentimentalizing. There is no weak and morbid handling of the theme.

The doctor appears in his ideal function, as the modern high-priest of

truth. Around him writhe the victims of ignorance and the criminals

of conventional cruelty. Kind, stern, high-minded, clear-headed, yet

human-hearted, he towers over all, as the master.

This is as it should be. The man to say the word to save the world of

ignorant wretches, cursed by the clouds and darkness a mistaken modesty

has thrown around a life-and-death instinct, is the physician.

The only question is this: Is this play decent? My answer is that it is

the decentest play that has been in New York for a year. It is so decent

that it is religious.--HEARST'S MAGAZINE.

The play is, above all, a powerful plea for the tearing away of the veil

of mystery that has so universally shrouded this subject of the penalty

of sexual immorality. It is a plea for light on this hidden danger, that

fathers and mothers, young men and young women, may know the terrible

price that must be paid, not only by the generation that violates the

law, but by the generations to come. It is a serious question just how

the education of men and women, especially young men and young women, in

the vital matters of sex relationship should be carried on. One thing is

sure, however. The worst possible way is the one which has so often been

followed in the past--not to carry it on at all but to ignore it.--THE


It (DAMAGED GOODS) is, of course, a masterpiece of "thesis drama,"--an

argument, dogmatic, insistent, inescapable, cumulative, between science

and common sense, on one side, and love, of various types, on the other.

It is what Mr. Bernard Shaw has called a "drama of discussion"; it

has the splendid movement of the best Shaw plays, unrelieved--and

undiluted--by Shavian paradox, wit, and irony. We imagine that many

audiences at the Fulton Theater were astonished at the play's showing

of sheer strength as acted drama. Possibly it might not interest the

general public; probably it would be inadvisable to present it to them.

But no thinking person, with the most casual interest in current social

evils, could listen to the version of Richard Bennett, Wilton Lackaye,

and their associates, without being gripped by the power of Brieux's

message.--THE DIAL.

It is a wonder that the world has been so long in getting hold of this

play, which is one of France's most valuable contributions to the drama.

Its history is interesting. Brieux wrote it over ten years ago. Antoine

produced it at his theater and Paris immediately censored it, but soon

thought better of it and removed the ban. During the summer of 1910

it was played in Brussels before crowded houses, for then the city was

thronged with visitors to the exposition. Finally New York got it last

spring and eugenic enthusiasts and doctors everywhere have welcomed it.


A letter to Mr. Bennett from Dr. Hills, Pastor of Plymouth Church,


23 Monroe Street Bklyn. August 1, 1913.

Mr. Richard Bennett, New York City, N.Y. My Dear Mr. Bennett:

During the past twenty-one years since I entered public life, I have

experienced many exciting hours under the influence of reformer, orator

and actor, but, in this mood of retrospection, I do not know that I

have ever passed through a more thrilling, terrible, and yet hopeful

experience than last evening, while I listened to your interpretation of

Eugene Brieux' "DAMAGED GOODS."

I have been following your work with ever deepening interest. It is not

too much to say that you have changed the thinking of the people of our

country as to the social evil. At last, thank God, this conspiracy of

silence is ended. No young man who sees "Damaged Goods" will ever be the

same again. If I wanted to build around an innocent boy buttresses of

fire and granite, and lend him triplearmour against temptation and the

assaults of evil, I would put him for one evening under your influence.

That which the teacher, the preacher and the parent have failed to

accomplish it has been given to you to achieve. You have done a work for

which your generation owes you an immeasurable debt of gratitude.

I shall be delighted to have you use my Study of Social Diseases and

Heredity in connection with your great reform.

With all good wishes, I am, my dear Mr. Bennett, Faithfully yours,

Newell Dwight Hillis


It was four o'clock in the morning when George Dupont closed the door

and came down the steps to the street. The first faint streaks of dawn

were in the sky, and he noticed this with annoyance, because he knew

that his hair was in disarray and his whole aspect disorderly; yet he

dared not take a cab, because he feared to attract attention at home.

When he reached the sidewalk, he glanced about him to make sure that no

one had seen him leave the house, then started down the street, his eyes

upon the sidewalk before him.

George had the feeling of the morning after. There are few men in this

world of abundant sin who will not know what the phrase means. The fumes

of the night had evaporated; he was quite sober now, quite free from

excitement. He saw what he had done, and it seemed to him something

black and disgusting.

Never had a walk seemed longer than the few blocks which he had to

traverse to reach his home. He must get there before the maid was

up, before the baker's boy called with the rolls; otherwise, what

explanation could he give?--he who had always been such a moral man, who

had been pointed out by mothers as an example to their sons.

George thought of his own mother, and what she would think if she could

know about his night's adventure. He thought again and again, with a

pang of anguish, of Henriette. Could it be possible that a man who was

engaged, whose marriage contract had actually been signed, who was soon

to possess the love of a beautiful and noble girl--that such a man could

have been weak enough and base enough to let himself be trapped into

such a low action?

He went back over the whole series of events, shuddering at them, trying

to realize how they had happened, trying to excuse himself for them.

He had not intended such a culmination; he had never meant to do such a

thing in his life. He had not thought of any harm when he had accepted

the invitation to the supper party with his old companions from the law

school. Of course, he had known that several of these chums led "fast"

lives--but, then, surely a fellow could go to a friend's rooms for a

lark without harm!

He remembered the girl who had sat by his side at the table. She had

come with a friend who was a married woman, and so he had assumed that

she was all right. George remembered how embarrassed he had been when

first he had noticed her glances at him. But then the wine had begun

to go to his head--he was one of those unfortunate wretches who cannot

drink wine at all. He had offered to take the girl home in a cab, and on

the way he had lost his head.

Oh! What a wretched thing it was. He could hardly believe that it was he

who had spoken those frenzied words; and yet he must have spoken them,

because he remembered them. He remembered that it had taken a long

time to persuade her. He had had to promise her a ring like the one her

married friend wore. Before they entered her home she had made him take

off his shoes, so that the porter might not hear them. This had struck

George particularly, because, even flushed with excitement as he was,

he had not forgotten the warnings his father had given him as to the

  • movement [´mu:vmənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.活动;运动;动作   (初中英语单词)
  • wherever [weər´evə] 移动到这儿单词发声  conj.无论在哪里   (初中英语单词)
  • writing [´raitiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.书写;写作;书法   (初中英语单词)
  • emotion [i´məuʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.感情;情绪;激动   (初中英语单词)
  • assist [ə´sist] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.协助;援助;搀扶   (初中英语单词)
  • literary [´litərəri] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.文学(上)的   (初中英语单词)
  • permission [pə´miʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.允许;同意;许可   (初中英语单词)
  • humanity [hju:´mæniti] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.人类;人性;仁慈   (初中英语单词)
  • criticism [´kritisizəm] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.批评;评论(文)   (初中英语单词)
  • ignorant [´ignərənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.无知的,愚昧的   (初中英语单词)
  • performance [pə´fɔ:məns] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.履行;行为;工作   (初中英语单词)
  • supreme [su:´pri:m, sju:-] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.最高的,无上的   (初中英语单词)
  • audience [´ɔ:diəns] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.听众;观众;接见   (初中英语单词)
  • remarkable [ri´mɑ:kəbl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.值得注意的;显著的   (初中英语单词)
  • tremendous [tri´mendəs] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.可怕的;巨大的   (初中英语单词)
  • responsible [ri´spɔnsəbəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.尽责的;责任重大的   (初中英语单词)
  • welfare [´welfeə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.福利(事业)   (初中英语单词)
  • divine [di´vain] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.神圣的 v.预言   (初中英语单词)
  • blessing [´blesiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.祝福   (初中英语单词)
  • suggestion [sə´dʒestʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.建议,提议;暗示   (初中英语单词)
  • dramatic [drə´mætik] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.戏剧的;戏剧般的   (初中英语单词)
  • impression [im´preʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.印刷;印象;效果   (初中英语单词)
  • triumph [´traiəmf] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.胜利 vi.得胜,战胜   (初中英语单词)
  • striking [´straikiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.显著的,明显的   (初中英语单词)
  • considerable [kən´sidərəbəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.重要的;值得重视   (初中英语单词)
  • writer [´raitə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.作者;作家   (初中英语单词)
  • ignorance [´ignərəns] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.无知,愚昧   (初中英语单词)
  • drunken [´drʌŋkən] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.喝醉的;常醉的   (初中英语单词)
  • doubtless [´dautlis] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.无疑地;大概,多半   (初中英语单词)
  • weakness [´wi:knis] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.虚弱;弱点,缺点   (初中英语单词)
  • earnest [´ə:nist] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.认真的 n.认真;诚恳   (初中英语单词)
  • virtue [´və:tʃu:] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.美德;贞操;长处   (初中英语单词)
  • belief [bi´li:f] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.相信;信仰,信条   (初中英语单词)
  • imagination [i,mædʒi´neiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.想象(力)   (初中英语单词)
  • horrible [´hɔrəbəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.可怕的;恐怖的   (初中英语单词)
  • physician [fi´ziʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.(内科)医生   (初中英语单词)
  • function [´fʌŋkʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.机能;职责 vi.活动   (初中英语单词)
  • instinct [´instiŋkt] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.本能;直觉;天资   (初中英语单词)
  • mystery [´mistəri] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.神秘;秘密;故弄玄虚   (初中英语单词)
  • hidden [´hid(ə)n] 移动到这儿单词发声  hide 的过去分词   (初中英语单词)
  • generation [,dʒenə´reiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.发生;世代;同龄人   (初中英语单词)
  • valuable [´væljuəbəl, -jubəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.有价值的,贵重的   (初中英语单词)
  • innocent [´inəsənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.无罪的;单纯的   (初中英语单词)
  • armour [´ɑ:mə] 移动到这儿单词发声  (=armor) n.甲胄,盔甲   (初中英语单词)
  • achieve [ə´tʃi:v] 移动到这儿单词发声  vt.完成;达到;获得   (初中英语单词)
  • connection [kə´nekʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.联系;关系;联运   (初中英语单词)
  • aspect [´æspekt] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.面貌;神色;方向   (初中英语单词)
  • abundant [ə´bʌndənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.丰富的;充分的   (初中英语单词)
  • phrase [freiz] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.短语;词组;措词   (初中英语单词)
  • otherwise [´ʌðəwaiz] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.另外 conj.否则   (初中英语单词)
  • pointed [´pɔintid] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.尖(锐)的;中肯的   (初中英语单词)
  • actually [´æktʃuəli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.事实上;实际上   (初中英语单词)
  • series [´siəri:z] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.连续;系列;丛书   (初中英语单词)
  • invitation [,invi´teiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.邀请;请帖;吸引   (初中英语单词)
  • unfortunate [ʌn´fɔ:tʃunit] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.不幸的,运气差的   (初中英语单词)
  • wretched [´retʃid] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.可怜的;倒霉的   (初中英语单词)
  • spoken [´spəukən] 移动到这儿单词发声  speak的过去分词   (初中英语单词)
  • persuade [pə´sweid] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.(被)说服;使相信   (初中英语单词)
  • excitement [ik´saitmənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.兴奋;骚动;煽动   (初中英语单词)
  • approval [ə´pru:vəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.赞成,批准,认可   (高中英语单词)
  • intense [in´tens] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.强烈的;紧张的   (高中英语单词)
  • cordial [´kɔ:diəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.热忱的;亲切的   (高中英语单词)
  • contribution [,kɔntri´bju:ʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.贡献;捐献;投稿   (高中英语单词)
  • producer [prə´dju:sə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.生产者;演出人   (高中英语单词)
  • crowded [´kraudid] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.充(拥)满了的   (高中英语单词)
  • foremost [´fɔ:məust] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.最重要的;最先的   (高中英语单词)
  • reception [ri´sepʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.接待;欢迎;招待会   (高中英语单词)
  • ultimate [´ʌltimit] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.最终的 n.终极;顶点   (高中英语单词)
  • community [kə´mju:niti] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.团体;社区;公众   (高中英语单词)
  • dependent [di´pendənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.依赖的;从属的   (高中英语单词)
  • sermon [´sə:mən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.说教;训诫;讲道   (高中英语单词)
  • pastor [´pɑ:stə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.牧师   (高中英语单词)
  • orchestra [´ɔ:kistrə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.管弦乐队   (高中英语单词)
  • significance [sig´nifikəns] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.意义;重要性   (高中英语单词)
  • behalf [bi´hɑ:f] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.利益   (高中英语单词)
  • applause [ə´plɔ:z] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.鼓掌;欢呼;称赞   (高中英语单词)
  • repeated [ri´pi:tid] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.反复的;重复的   (高中英语单词)
  • crusade [kru:´seid] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.改革运动   (高中英语单词)
  • campaign [kæm´pein] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.战役;行动 vi.从军   (高中英语单词)
  • surrounding [sə´raundiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.周围的事物   (高中英语单词)
  • admirable [´ædmərəbəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.极佳的,值得赞美的   (高中英语单词)
  • fortunately [´fɔ:tʃənətli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.幸运地   (高中英语单词)
  • earnestly [´ə:nistli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.认真地;急切地   (高中英语单词)
  • remedy [´remidi] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.药品 vt.医治;减轻   (高中英语单词)
  • preacher [´pri:tʃə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.讲道者,传教士   (高中英语单词)
  • requirement [ri´kwaiəmənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.需要(的东西);要求   (高中英语单词)
  • acceptance [ək´septəns] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.接受;承认   (高中英语单词)
  • cruelty [´kru:əlti] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.残忍;残酷行为   (高中英语单词)
  • mistaken [mis´teikən] 移动到这儿单词发声  mistake的过去分词   (高中英语单词)
  • decent [´di:sənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.体面的,正派的   (高中英语单词)
  • relationship [ri´leiʃənʃip] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.关系;联系;亲属关系   (高中英语单词)
  • ignore [ig´nɔ:] 移动到这儿单词发声  vt.忽视,不理,不顾   (高中英语单词)
  • casual [´kæʒuəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.偶然的;临时的   (高中英语单词)
  • exposition [,ekspə´ziʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.说明;工业博览会   (高中英语单词)
  • interpretation [in,tə:pri´teiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.解释;翻译;表演   (高中英语单词)
  • conspiracy [kən´spirəsi] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.密谋;协同作用   (高中英语单词)
  • granite [´grænit] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.花岗岩   (高中英语单词)
  • temptation [temp´teiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.引诱,诱惑(物)   (高中英语单词)
  • faithfully [´feiθfəli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.忠实地;诚恳地   (高中英语单词)
  • sidewalk [´saidwɔ:k] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.人行道   (高中英语单词)
  • anguish [´æŋgwiʃ] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.(极度的)痛苦;苦恼   (高中英语单词)
  • porter [´pɔ:tə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.守门人;勤杂工人   (高中英语单词)
  • virtually [´və:tʃuəli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.实际上,实质上   (英语四级单词)
  • diplomatic [,diplə´mætik] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.外交的   (英语四级单词)
  • continuance [kən´tinjuəns] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.继续;持续逗留;连续   (英语四级单词)
  • morality [mə´ræliti] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.道德;教训;伦理学   (英语四级单词)
  • presentation [,prezən´teiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.介绍;赠送;提出   (英语四级单词)
  • presbyterian [,prezbi´tiəriən] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.长老会(制)的   (英语四级单词)
  • pulpit [´pulpit] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.讲坛   (英语四级单词)
  • convincing [kən´vinsiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.有说服力的;有力的   (英语四级单词)
  • vicious [´viʃəs] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.不道德的;刻毒的   (英语四级单词)
  • writhe [raið] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.扭曲,扭歪   (英语四级单词)
  • conventional [kən´venʃənəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.常规的;协定的   (英语四级单词)
  • universally [,ju:ni´və:səli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.普遍地   (英语四级单词)
  • masterpiece [´mɑ:stəpi:s] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.杰作;杰出的事   (英语四级单词)
  • version [´və:ʃən, ´və:rʒən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.翻译;说明;译本   (英语四级单词)
  • brussels [´brʌslz] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.布鲁塞尔   (英语四级单词)
  • plymouth [´pliməθ] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.普利茅斯   (英语四级单词)
  • delighted [di´laitid] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.高兴的;喜欢的   (英语四级单词)
  • annoyance [ə´nɔiəns] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.烦恼事(人)   (英语四级单词)
  • trying [´traiiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.难堪的;费劲的   (英语四级单词)
  • script [skript] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.笔迹;手稿;剧本   (英语六级单词)
  • fitting [´fitiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.适当的 n.试衣   (英语六级单词)
  • rigidly [´ridʒidli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.坚硬地;不易弯地   (英语六级单词)
  • seriousness [´siəriəsnis] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.严肃,认真;重要性   (英语六级单词)
  • denial [di´naiəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.否认;拒绝   (英语六级单词)
  • fanatic [fə´nætik] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.狂热的 n.狂热者   (英语六级单词)
  • tolerant [´tɔlərənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.宽容的,宽大的   (英语六级单词)
  • dramatist [´dræmətist] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.剧作家;戏曲家   (英语六级单词)
  • sexual [´sekʃuəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.性(欲)的   (英语六级单词)
  • insistent [in´sistənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.坚持的;逼人注意的   (英语六级单词)
  • august [ɔ:´gʌst] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.尊严的;威严的   (英语六级单词)
  • reformer [ri´fɔ:mə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.改革者;革新者   (英语六级单词)
  • triple [´tripəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.三倍的v.增加到三倍   (英语六级单词)

  • 上传人 欢乐鱼 分享于 2017-06-26 17:04:35
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