[Illustration: University of London]

Presented by

the Worshipful Company

of Goldsmiths.












This Edition (500 copies bound), has been presented by the Author, as a

donation;--to be sold at the Ladies Bazaar, for relief of the famine in

Ireland, and distress in Scotland.





In my twentieth year my first visit was made to London--how long since

need not be said, lest I make discoveries. I arrived at the "Swan with

_two_ necks," in Lad Lane, to the imminent peril of my own _one_, on

entering the yard of that then famous hostelry, the gate of which barely

allowed admission to the coach itself--and first set foot on London

ground, midst the bustle of some half-dozen coaches, either preparing

for exit, or discharging their loads of passengers and parcels.

Four "insides" were turned out, and eight "outsides" turned in--I,

amongst the unfortunates of the latter class, taking possession of the

nearest point I could to the coffee-room fire. It is to be recollected

that in those days one had but _four_ chances in his favour, against

perhaps forty applicants for the interior of the mail--and he who was

driven in winter, by necessity of time, to the top of a coach in

Liverpool, and from thence to Lad Lane, and found himself in the

coffee-room there unfrozen, might be well contented. So felt I,

then,--and doubly so now, as I think of the dangers of flood, and road,

and neck, which I encountered in a twenty-six hours' journey, exposed to

the "pelting of the pitiless storm,"--for it snowed half the way.

Dinner discussed, and its etceteras having been partaken, in full

consciousness of the comforts which surrounded me, contrasted with the

discomforts, &c. from which I had escaped,--I sank into an agreeable

reverie; and during a vision,--I must not call it a doze,--composed of

port wine and walnuts--the invigorating beams of Wallsend coal--an

occasional fancied jolt of the coach--the three mouthfuls of dinner, by

the name, I had gotten at Oxford--and the escape of my one neck, when,

goose as I was, I presented it where two seemed to be an essential by

the sign of the habitation and the dangers of the gate,--I was aroused

by a crash, something like the noise of the machine which accompanies

the falling of an avalanche or a castle, or some such direful affair at

"Astley's;" and starting up, I thought,--had the coach upset? but, much

to my gratification, found myself a safe "inside." Still came crash

after crash, until I thought it high time to see as well as hear. "What

on earth is the matter?" said I to the first waiter I met, as I

descended from the coffee-room, and got to the door of the "tap," or

room for accommodation of the lower grade of persons frequenting the

establishment. "Oh! sir," said he, "it is two dreadful Irishmen

fighting: one has broken a table on the other's head; the other smashed

a chair." I stopped short, and well do I recollect that the blood

rushed to my face as I turned away; I confess, too, that while

returning to the coffee-room, when the waiter followed and asked, should

he bring tea, I "cockneyfied" my accent as much as possible, in the hope

that he should not know I was an Irishman:--such was my shame for my

country at the moment.

Many minutes, however, had not elapsed until I felt shame another

way--namely, that I should for a moment deny the land which gave me

birth;--and I at once determined to ascertain the facts and particulars

of the outrage. Down I went, therefore, again, and entering the

tap-room, found that in truth a table had been broken, and a chair too,

not to speak at all of the heads; but, on further investigation, it

appeared that the table, being weak in constitution, sunk under the

weight of one of the belligerents, who jumped upon it to assail the

other with advantage,--and that the chair had been smashed by coming in

contact with the table; the gentleman on the ground having thought it

fair to use a chair in his defence when his enemy took to the larger

piece of furniture:--hence the awful crash, crash--that awoke me from


So far well--but further inquiry brought forth further truths. It came

out that one of the party had called the other "a beggarly bogtrotter,"

for which he received in reply a blow upon his nose. Thus the row

commenced; but better still, it appeared that _one_ of "the dreadful

Irishmen" _was a Welshman_! and that it was _he_ who called poor Paddy

"a bogtrotter."

First then, said I to myself, the table was _not_ broken on the

Irishman's head; it was smashed by the Welshman's _foot_--and it was

_not_ "_two_ dreadful _Irishmen_," but _one_, who had been engaged in

the fray, and he was insulted; therefore, at the most, ONLY ONE HALF OF

THE STORY IS TRUE! _And in about that proportion have I since found

almost all the stories and charges against the lower class of my unhappy

countrymen_--and so will others too, who please to investigate facts.

* * * * *

Amongst my earliest introductions to "London Society" was "St. Giles's."

Notwithstanding the warnings of my friends, as to the danger attendant

even on a walk through its streets, I ventured a little farther; and who

ever may have suffered there, I have not, except from witnessing the

almost indescribablemisery of its inhabitants. Throughout my entire

search into its wretchedness, I never received even an uncivil answer

but on one occasion, and I am the more desirous to state this fact,

because, although "St. Giles" sounds to English ears as a spot

_contaminated_ by the abode of Irish only, I found many and many an

Englishman there, as wretched as my own wretched countrymen.

In the instance I allude to, I had entered the first lobby in one of

the houses of a most miserable street, where I saw a woman "rocking" in

the manner the lower class of Irish express silent agony of feeling. Her

body moved back and forward in that peculiarmotion which told to my

heart she was in misery; and entering the room in silent respect for her

suffering, I forgot to knock or make any noise to attract attention. In

a moment a figure darted from the side of a bed behind the door, and

having caught up something as it passed between me and the entrance, he,

for I then saw my assailant was a man, brandished the "miserable

remains" of a kitchen poker before my face, and demanded, "_What did I

want, and how da-ar I come there to throuble thim with my curosity?_"

And what right had I to pry into their miseries, unless to relieve them?

I confess my object in visiting St. Giles's then, had not arisen from so

pure a motive, and I felt the justice of his demand--The miseries of the

heart are sacredamongst the rich: why should they not be equally so

amongst the poor? Nature has made original feeling alike in all; but the

poor feel more deeply; for the rich suffer in heart midst countless

luxuries and efforts from others to wean them from their sufferings,

while the poor suffer midst numberless privations, and almost utter

loneliness. Why then should I have "_throubled thim with my curosity_?"

But I made my peace, with little effort too; and then, for the first

time, saw a dead body lying on the bed from whence the man had come,

"waking," in the Irish fashion of the lower orders. It was a child of

about seven years old. Its last resting place on earth was dressed with

flowers, and the mother's hand had evidently done the most within its

feeble power to give honour to the dead. Rising, she with her apron

rubbed the chair she had been sitting on, and placed it for me; thus

offering, in her simple way, the double respect of tendering _her own_

seat, and seeking to make it more fit for my reception by dusting it.

I need not repeat all the tale of misery, the cause of their suffering

then, was apparent. "She was their last Colleen--th' uther craturs wur

at home with the Granny," and "_he_ had cum to thry his forthin in

Inglind; _an' bad forthin it was_. But the Lord's will be done, fur the

little darlint was happy, any how--an' sure they had more av thim at

home--an' why should she be mopin' an' cryin' her eyes out for her

Colleen, that was gone to God!"

Thus the poor creature reasoned as she cried and blamed herself for

crying; for miserable as she was, she evidently felt that she should be

thankful for the other blessings that were left her. Do we all feel

thus? Yet, at the moment that she did so, I believe there was not a

morsel of food within reach of her means, and that her last penny had

been spent to deck with flowers the death-bed of her child.

It is needless for me to describe the general miseries of "St.

Giles,"--now no more. Its wretched habitations have yielded their place

to palaces; its dreaded locality lives but in recollection; and its

inhabitants have gone forth--Whither? _Perhaps to greater wretchedness._

Aye, almost surely! The misery of St. Giles's has ceased, mayhap to make

misery double elsewhere; but, thank God! there no longer exists in

London a special spot upon which the ban is placed of _Irish residence

being tantamount to crime_.

* * * * *

Years and years have since gone by, and many a time the story of "the

_two_ dreadful Irishmen" has risen to my mind, as I have read paragraph

after paragraph in the English papers, telling of some direful thing

which had occurred and was wrapped in mystery, but concluding after the

following fashion:--

"HIGHWAY ROBBERY--(_Particulars_). There is no clue whatever to

discover the parties who committed this atrocious act--but _two

Irish labourers who live in the neighbourhood are, it is supposed,

the delinquents_!"

"BURGLARY AT ---- (_Particulars_). The parties who committed this

robbery acted in the most daring manner. _The country is now filled

with Irish harvest labourers!_"

"FOOTPAD.--A daring attempt was made by a most desperate-looking man

to rob a farmer some days since--(_further particulars_) after a

great struggle he got off. _He is supposed to be an Irishman!_"

"MARLBOROUGH-STREET.--There is a class of persons now known, called

'Mouchers,' who go about in gangs, plundering the licensed

victuallers, eating-house and coffee-shop keepers, to an extent that

would be deemed impossible, did not the records of police courts

afford sufficient evidence of the fact. _The Mouchers are mostly of

the lower order of Irish._"--_London Morning Paper, 12th April,


"HORRIBLE MURDER--(_Particulars_). Every possible search has been

made for the murderers, but unfortunately without effect. However,

_it is positively known that four Irish harvesters passed through

the village the day before, and there cannot be a doubt the dreadful

deed was committed by them_!"

Such are the kind of announcements seen frequently, particularly in

provincial papers. In the latter case, the facts impressed themselves

strongly upon my mind. A horrible murder had been committed, as well as

I recollect, in Lancashire. The widow of a farmer, much beloved in the

neighbourhood, and known to possess considerable property, was

barbarously murdered in her bed at night, and her presses and strong box

thoroughly rifled; nothing, however, having been taken but money, of

which it was known she had received a considerable sum a few days

previously. Much sensation was created by the fearful occurrence; and it

was fully believed that "the four Irishmen" had committed the

murder--why? _because they had been seen in the neighbourhood!_

verifying most fully the adage, that "one man may steal a horse without

being suspected, while another dare not look over the hedge." So it

eventually turned out. A month elapsed; the four Irishmen could never be

traced; but luckily the real murderer was. A labouring man offered a

L20. note to be changed in a town some miles distant from the scene of

the murder, and suspicion having arisen as to how he obtained it, he

was taken up: eventually turning out to be the confidential farm servant

of the unfortunate woman, still continuing to live unsuspected where the

murder had been actually committed by himself; and he was subsequently


But did this clear "_the four Irishmen_" from the imputation, or

retrieve the character of their class? Not an iota. The journalist who

accused them was not the fool to proclaim his own injustice; and

perhaps, even if he did, the refutation would never have met the same

eye that read the condemnation. No; "the four Irishmen" continued as

thoroughly guilty in the public mind as if twelve jurors on their oaths

had declared them so. The editorial pen had signed the death warrant of

_character_, if not of life, as it has done in many and many instances

with just as much foundation.

Poor, unhappy "Paddy" the labourer has had years and years of outcry to

bear up against and suffer under, a thousand times more trying to him

than that now raised against "Paddy" the Lord. The poor and lowly

struggle single-handed and alone; the rich and high face the enemies of

their order shoulder to shoulder, and as one. Poor fellow, he is like

the cat in the kitchen: every head broken is as unquestionably laid to

his charge, as every jug to pussy's. And he has another direful mark

which stamps him at once; namely, that "profanation to ears polite,"

_his brogue_! He possibly may not look ill to the eye--perhaps the

reverse; his countenance may be honest and open, and his bearing manly,

as he approaches an employer to seek for work; up to that point all goes

well, perhaps; but once his mouth opens, the tale is told; instantly

_Prejudice_ does her office, unknowingly almost, and unless actual need

exist, Paddy may apply elsewhere, again and again to meet the same

rebuff. Lancashire, Somersetshire, Yorkshire, may revel in their patois

without raising a doubtful feeling or a smile, but the brogue of Ireland

does the work at once, and the unhappy being from whom it issues slinks

back into himself degraded, as he hears the certain laugh which answers

his fewest words, and the almost certain refusal to admit him within the

pale of his class in England. Hence St. Giles's as it was--the purlieu

of Westminster, as it is--the Irish labourer's refuge in England, is

often the lowest point, because he cannot be driven lower.

And all this arises, not from ill will, but from long felt prejudice,

and the repetition of stories and anecdotes and caricature of Irish

character, which trifling circumstances have given rise to and upheld;

and which, I grieve to say, is greatly due to the domiciled Irishmen in

England, of the middle and better class. They sometimes forget their

country, and in place of explaining away fallacies and making known

facts which would have roused England long since to our aid, had they

been fairly understood, _fear_ to tell truths which they deem to be

unpalatable, while perhaps their own palates are being feasted on the

good things of the party who declaims against their country: thus

permitting the continued existence of prejudice and consequent


It is in no small degree amusing to observe the _attempt_ made, in

addition, to disguise the fact that the delinquent I speak of (I had

almost written renegade) is an Irishman. No wonder that he should

attempt the disguise, for he must deeply feel his delinquency. In all

cases such as this, the Cockney twang and occasional curtailment is

  • relief [ri´li:f] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.救济;援救;减轻   (初中英语单词)
  • distress [di´stres] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.痛苦 vt.使苦恼   (初中英语单词)
  • admission [əd´miʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.接纳;承认   (初中英语单词)
  • interior [in´tiəriə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.&a.内部地(的)   (初中英语单词)
  • thence [ðens] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.从那里;因此   (初中英语单词)
  • essential [i´senʃəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.必需的 n.要素,要点   (初中英语单词)
  • dreadful [´dredful] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.可怕的;讨厌的   (初中英语单词)
  • confess [kən´fes] 移动到这儿单词发声  vt.供认;坦白;承认   (初中英语单词)
  • accent [´æksənt, æk´sent] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.重音;口音 vt.重读   (初中英语单词)
  • therefore [´ðeəfɔ:] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.&conj.因此;所以   (初中英语单词)
  • investigation [in,vesti´geiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.调查(研究)   (初中英语单词)
  • constitution [,kɔnsti´tju:ʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.宪法;体格;体质   (初中英语单词)
  • inquiry [in´kwaiəri] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.询问;质询;调查   (初中英语单词)
  • proportion [prə´pɔ:ʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.比率 vt.使成比例   (初中英语单词)
  • misery [´mizəri] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.痛苦;悲惨;穷困   (初中英语单词)
  • wretched [´retʃid] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.可怜的;倒霉的   (初中英语单词)
  • instance [´instəns] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.例子,实例,例证   (初中英语单词)
  • miserable [´mizərəbəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.悲惨的;可怜的   (初中英语单词)
  • peculiar [pi´kju:liə] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.特有的;奇异的   (初中英语单词)
  • relieve [ri´li:v] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.救济,援救;减轻   (初中英语单词)
  • motive [´məutiv] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.动机;主题 a.运动的   (初中英语单词)
  • sacred [´seikrid] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.神圣的;庄严的   (初中英语单词)
  • equally [´i:kwəli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.相等地;平等地   (初中英语单词)
  • evidently [´evidəntli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.明显地   (初中英语单词)
  • apparent [ə´pærənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.显然的;表面上的   (初中英语单词)
  • elsewhere [,elsweə] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.在别处;向别处   (初中英语单词)
  • paragraph [´pærəgrɑ:f] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.段;节 vt.将…分段   (初中英语单词)
  • mystery [´mistəri] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.神秘;秘密;故弄玄虚   (初中英语单词)
  • whatever [wɔt´evə] 移动到这儿单词发声  pron.&a.无论什么   (初中英语单词)
  • harvest [´hɑ:vist] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.&v.收获;收割   (初中英语单词)
  • supposed [sə´pəuzd] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.想象的;假定的   (初中英语单词)
  • extent [ik´stent] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.长度;程度;范围   (初中英语单词)
  • mostly [´məustli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.主要地;多半;通常   (初中英语单词)
  • horrible [´hɔrəbəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.可怕的;恐怖的   (初中英语单词)
  • beloved [bi´lʌvd] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.为….所爱的 n.爱人   (初中英语单词)
  • considerable [kən´sidərəbəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.重要的;值得重视   (初中英语单词)
  • sensation [sen´seiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.感觉;轰动;轰动一时   (初中英语单词)
  • fearful [´fiəfəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.可怕的;担心的   (初中英语单词)
  • suspicion [sə´spiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.怀(猜)疑;嫌疑   (初中英语单词)
  • unfortunate [ʌn´fɔ:tʃunit] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.不幸的,运气差的   (初中英语单词)
  • actually [´æktʃuəli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.事实上;实际上   (初中英语单词)
  • character [´kæriktə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.特性;性质;人物;字   (初中英语单词)
  • proclaim [prə´kleim] 移动到这儿单词发声  vt.宣布;公布;声明   (初中英语单词)
  • guilty [´gilti] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.有罪的;心虚的   (初中英语单词)
  • editorial [,edi´tɔ:riəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.编辑的 n.社论   (初中英语单词)
  • unhappy [ʌn´hæpi] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.不幸的;不快乐的   (初中英语单词)
  • charge [tʃɑ:dʒ] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.收费;冲锋 n.费用   (初中英语单词)
  • countenance [´kauntinəns] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.面部表情;脸色;面容   (初中英语单词)
  • employer [im´plɔiə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.雇佣者,雇主   (初中英语单词)
  • actual [´æktʃuəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.现实的;实际的   (初中英语单词)
  • refuge [´refju:dʒ] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.&n.避难(所);庇护   (初中英语单词)
  • driven [´driv(ə)n] 移动到这儿单词发声  drive 的过去分词   (初中英语单词)
  • trifling [´traifliŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.微小的;轻浮的   (初中英语单词)
  • grieve [gri:v] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.&n.(使)悲痛;哀悼   (初中英语单词)
  • existence [ig´zistəns] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.存在;生存;生活   (初中英语单词)
  • disguise [dis´gaiz] 移动到这儿单词发声  vt.假装;隐瞒 n.伪装   (初中英语单词)
  • occasional [ə´keiʒənəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.偶然的;临时的   (初中英语单词)
  • edition [i´diʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.版本;很相似的   (高中英语单词)
  • famine [´fæmin] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.饥荒   (高中英语单词)
  • bustle [´bʌsəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.(使)匆忙 n.匆忙   (高中英语单词)
  • contented [kən´tentid] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.满足的;心满意足的   (高中英语单词)
  • ascertain [,æsə´tein] 移动到这儿单词发声  vt.探查;查明   (高中英语单词)
  • outrage [´aut,reidʒ] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.残暴 vt.虐待;伤害   (高中英语单词)
  • assail [ə´seil] 移动到这儿单词发声  vt.猛击;困扰   (高中英语单词)
  • investigate [in´vestigeit] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.调查(研究)   (高中英语单词)
  • amongst [ə´mʌŋst] 移动到这儿单词发声  prep.其中之一 =among   (高中英语单词)
  • whoever [hu:´evə] 移动到这儿单词发声  pron.任何人,无论谁   (高中英语单词)
  • motion [´məuʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.手势 vt.打手势   (高中英语单词)
  • reception [ri´sepʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.接待;欢迎;招待会   (高中英语单词)
  • needless [´ni:dləs] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.不必要的;无用的   (高中英语单词)
  • locality [ləu´kæliti] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.位置,地区,发生地   (高中英语单词)
  • recollection [,rekə´lekʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.回忆;追想;记忆力   (高中英语单词)
  • unfortunately [ʌn´fɔ:tʃunitli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.不幸;不朽;可惜   (高中英语单词)
  • positively [´pɔzətivli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.确实;断然;绝对   (高中英语单词)
  • occurrence [ə´kʌrəns] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.发生;(偶发)事件   (高中英语单词)
  • murderer [´mə:dərə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.杀人犯,凶手   (高中英语单词)
  • injustice [in´dʒʌstis] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.不公正,不公平   (高中英语单词)
  • namely [´neimli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.即,也就是   (高中英语单词)
  • bearing [´beəriŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.举止;忍耐;关系   (高中英语单词)
  • doubtful [´dautful] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.怀疑的,可疑的   (高中英语单词)
  • refusal [ri´fju:zəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.拒绝;优先取舍权   (高中英语单词)
  • repetition [,repi´tiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.重复;背诵;复制品   (高中英语单词)
  • prejudice [´predʒədis] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.偏见;不利 vt.损害   (高中英语单词)
  • amusing [ə´mju:ziŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.有趣的   (高中英语单词)
  • gotten [´gɔtn] 移动到这儿单词发声  get的过去分词   (英语四级单词)
  • habitation [,hæbi´teiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.居住;住所   (英语四级单词)
  • waiter [´weitə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.侍者,服务员   (英语四级单词)
  • accommodation [ə,kɔmə´deiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.供应;调解;贷款   (英语四级单词)
  • recollect [rekə´lekt] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.重新集合;恢复   (英语四级单词)
  • desirous [di´zaiərəs] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.渴望的;想往的   (英语四级单词)
  • allude [ə´lu:d] 移动到这儿单词发声  vi.暗指;侧面提到   (英语四级单词)
  • assailant [ə´seilənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.攻击者   (英语四级单词)
  • arisen [ə´rizn] 移动到这儿单词发声  arise的过去分词   (英语四级单词)
  • whence [wens] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.从何处;从那里   (英语四级单词)
  • daring [´deəriŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.&n.勇敢(的)   (英语四级单词)
  • eventually [i´ventʃuəli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.最后,终于   (英语四级单词)
  • confidential [,kɔnfi´denʃəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.极受信任的;心腹的   (英语四级单词)
  • warrant [´wɔrənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.根据;委任书;权利   (英语四级单词)
  • outcry [´autkrai] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.喊叫;强烈抗议   (英语四级单词)
  • trying [´traiiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.难堪的;费劲的   (英语四级单词)
  • worshipful [´wə:ʃipfəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.虔敬的;崇拜的   (英语六级单词)
  • imminent [´iminənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.临头的,逼近的   (英语六级单词)
  • taking [´teikiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.迷人的 n.捕获物   (英语六级单词)
  • doubly [´dʌbli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.加倍地,双重地   (英语六级单词)
  • pitiless [´pitiləs] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.无怜悯心的;无情的   (英语六级单词)
  • avalanche [´ævəlɑ:nʃ] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.雪崩   (英语六级单词)
  • gratification [,grætifi´keiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.满意;喜悦   (英语六级单词)
  • indescribable [,indis´kraibəbəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.难以形容的   (英语六级单词)
  • numberless [´nʌmbələs] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.无号码的;数不清的   (英语六级单词)
  • condemnation [,kɔndem´neiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.谴责;定罪;征用   (英语六级单词)
  • unquestionably [ʌn´kwestʃənəbli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.当然地,无可非议地   (英语六级单词)
  • irishman [´aiəriʃmən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.爱尔兰人   (英语六级单词)

  • 上传人 欢乐鱼 分享于 2017-06-26 17:49:12
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